Posts Tagged ‘Justice’

Advises From The Quran.

When you voice an opinion, be just, even if it is against a relative. (6/152)

If you do not have complete knowledge about anything, better not say anything. You might think that speaking about something without full knowledge is a trivial matter. But it might have grave consequences. (24:15-16)

When you hear something malicious about someone, keep a favorable view about him/her until you attain full knowledge about the matter. Consider others innocent until they are proven guilty with solid and truthful evidence. (24:12-13)

Do not follow blindly any information of which you have no direct knowledge. (Using your faculties of perception and conception) you must verify it for yourself. In the Court of your Lord, you will be held accountable for your hearing, sight, and the faculty of reasoning. (17:36)

(Interpretations of meaning)

Introduction

A revolution is considered an event which has a MAJOR impact on changing the political, economic or social structure of society – usually in a short space of time. The aims of revolutions are usually tied to an ideology.

Prophet of Islam, Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) is the greatest revolutionary in the history of the World.

“If we compare the Revolution of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) with the French Revolution and the Russian Revolution it becomes evident that the French Revolution succeeded in changing only the political system and the Russian revolution changed only the economic system. But the Revolution of Holy Prophet changed everything….religion, belief, rituals, the political system, the economic system and the entire social fabric.” Dr Israr Ahmad.

The greatest need of Muslim Ummah today, is not wealth, government, fame, technology, education, democracy, but according to me, the most important need is, that Muslims understand the way of Muhammad, His way of bringing revolution. The only way of bringing revolution today is understanding & implementing the methodology of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon Him.

Steps Taken By Prophet Muhammad In Bringing Revolution.

1- Ideology.

Called people to believe in One God. He said: “Oh people, believe that there is no God but Allah & you will be successful” (at this point, he said nothing about His Prophet hood).

‘There is no deity worthy of worship except God’ this conviction creates a world view, a perspective and a unique behavior. It essential means that all actions – from having a shower to picking up litter from the floor – should be referred to the Creator. This establishes a constant awareness, mindfulness and consciousness of God in everything that the Muslim says or does.

This means that there will be no human sovereignty. No human is hakim (owner) of anything (meaning, negation of communism & capitalism). Ownership & sovereignty only belongs to Allah. Ownership for Allah & Caliphate for humans. Sovereignty for Allah & Trust for humans.

Humans need to be intellectually convinced. The Prophet was told to simply give the message and not worry whether people converted or not, therefore, there is no question in Islam of forcing your opinions on any one else, as the Qur’an tells us that there is “no compulsion in religion.”

He stood up against oppression & injustice & called people to unite under the flag of monotheism.

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His message was, that, each & every human is equal on a social level. For example, a CEO & office tea boy have different posts & duties, but as humans they are equal. It was an end of racism. And to spread this message, He used all the means possible, at that time.

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2- Organizing People.

Second step was to organize the people, who accepted His message & agreed to stand up against oppression & injustice. For this, He introduced the practice of taking pledge. Asked people to give Him pledge of allegiance on the following conditions:

We will listen and obey (the orders) both at the time when we are active and at the time when we are tired, and at our difficult time and at our ease and to be obedient to the ruler (but, we will say what we think is right, we won’t think that it is silly, we will say whatever our suggestions will be & the decision will be yours) and give him his right even if he did not give us our right, and not to fight against him unless we noticed him having open Kufr (disbelief) for which we would have a proof with us from Allah.”

The Prophet did not have a need to take this pledge, as the companions believed in Him, but He introduced this system for the future, so that Muslims follow His way instead of the western ways.

3- Training People.

Third step was to train the people. It included the following things,

i- The idea of bringing a revolution must always be on the minds of people & the way of doing this is, studying the Qur’an, because studying it will keep reminding them about their goal.

ii- ‘No resistance’, not at any cost. Even if the enemy cuts you in pieces, don’t resist.

iii- Spending everything in the way of Allah.

iv- Strong belief in the hereafter. If your heart is attached to this world, you become weak.

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4- Passive Resistance.

For 3 long years, the Prophet was attacked with hate speech. People called him mad, magician, poet etc. It hurted him, but He stayed patient & responded them by simply turning His face to someone else, but never got rude or harsh. And He told the same to His companions.

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After 3 years when the enemy noticed that the Muslims are standing firm & more & more people are converting to Islam, they started physical persecution. They did not give them food to eat, the rich were imprisoned & the poor slaves were beaten in the worst ways, in the center of the streets, a woman companion was killed in front of her son, but none of the Muslims resisted.

As a result of this, sympathies of the people diverted towards the Muslims,  they realized that these people did nothing wrong, they only said, “we believe that there is no God but Allah & Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah”.

After this, when Abu Talib died, who was protecting the Prophet, the disbelievers decided to kill Him. At this point, the Prophet migrated to Madinah. Even in Madinah, he did not resist for 6 months but took some very important decisions.

i- Constructed the mosque. It was not only a mosque but also an institution, a place of worship, parliament, suggestion center & a government house.

ii -Second important decision that He took was, He made one immigrant (muhajir) brother of one Muslim from Madinah (ansaar).

iii- And third decision was that Muslim and Jewish clans signed a pact to protect each other, in case Madina gets attacked.

5- Active Resistance.

This is the most crucial step in the process of revolution. If it is not taken on the right time, all the efforts will be wasted.

After taking these decisions, The Prophet started the active resistance by sending small groups of people to block the ways from where the Quraish used to take their goods for trade,  in other words, ‘Economic blockade of Makkah’.  Also, the Prophet talked to the clans who supported Quraish & due to this, the political influence of Quraish was diminishing & of Prophet was increasing.  During all this time, there was no movement from the Quraish, this initiative was taken by the Prophet. (This is what some scolars of Islam lied about. To please the non believers, they invented this lie that the Prophet never initiated anything).

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The war started when Muslims had a fight with one of the clans of Quraish & a Muslim man killed one of the non Muslim. The Prophet got angry at this, because He ordered his companions to not fight or kill anyone. But when this happened, the war started. And as all of this was done after a preparation of 6 years, as a result Muslims got successful & the greatest revolution on earth happened which changed everything – religion, belief, rituals, the political system, the economic system and the entire social fabric.”. It was an end of oppression, injustice, nationalism, racism & falsehood.

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Conclusion.

Prophet (peace be upon Him) never sent anyone out of Makkah to spread the message of Islam for 10 years. He had money but still he did not send anyone to other Empires with His message. In the 10th year, He went to Tai’f, and called people to Islam. Later, when He came to Madinah, He worked only inside Arab.

When the treaty of Hudaibyah took place & Quraish recognized Muhammad and acknowledged him as a leader, it was only after this that He sent his people to other Empires, to call people towards Islam.

This is the essence of revolutionary process, that it does not spread in the initial stages,  like the missionary work & tableghi work, but the revolutionary process goes up in one direction & then spreads. Muhammad ‘s struggle was not of missionary type, it was revolutionary type.

And this is how the greatest revolution in history took place. If Muslims of today want to bring a revolution, ‘tabdeeli’ or inqilab’, the only way to accomplish this mission is by following the way of the Prophet (peace be upon Him) & rejecting the ways of the west & saying no to Democracy, Capitalism, etc.

Shirk- Associating partners with Allah is the gravest sin in Islam, about which Allah said: “I will forgive every sin except Shirk.”

Pharaoh committed this sin & claimed that he is God, he did not even associate any other person but himself. He made himself equal to Allah & this sin angers Allah the most but still Allah ordered Prophet Moses to go to Pharaoh & invite him to the worship of One God.

Allah said: “Go you and your brother with My Ayat (proofs, lessons, verses, evidences, signs, revelations, etc), and do not, you both, slacken and become weak in My Remembrance. Go, both of you, to Pharaoh, verily, he has transgressed all bounds in disbelief and disobedience and behaved as an arrogant and as a tyrant. And speak to him MILDLY, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear Allah.” (Qur’an 20:42-44)

Did Allah allow Prophet Moses to curse Pharaoh or abuse him? The answer is No. Even in this case when a human committed the worst sin, Allah ordered another human to speak to him in a kind & gentle manner. This clearly shows, that no human has the right to curse or abuse anyone, a Muslim or a Non Muslim. Even if the other person is mocking or talking ignorantly to a Muslim, he is not allowed to do the same in return.
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But, today the attitude of Muslims is opposite to this. They curse & abuse not only non Muslims but even Muslims & then they think that Allah will forgive them & they will go to Paradise, just because they have a tag “Muslim” with them. But, they are just deceiving their own selves.

Prophet Muhammad peace be upon Him stated that a person said: “By Allah, Allah will not forgive so & so (person).” Thereupon Allah said: “Who is He who swears by Me & says that i will not forgive so & so? Listen, Verily I have forgiven so & so & nullified your deeds or as the Messenger peace be upon Him said.”

This narration teaches us the politeness needed by a Muslim towards Allah and that one should not involve himself in matters that are left for Allah to decide i.e. nobody can know who will go to Hell and who will enter Paradise.

Allah advises us in Qur’an:  “Invite (all) to the Way of your Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer) with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for your Rabb (God) knows best, who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance.” (16:125)

Not for you (O Muhammad) is the decision; whether He turns in mercy to (pardon) them or punishes them; verily, they are the wrongdoers.” (Qur’an 3:128) “Your duty is only to convey (the Message) and on Us (God) is the reckoning.” (Qur’an 13:40)

But what is the condition of Muslims today?

Few days back, I saw a video, in which an old Muslim man was offering Prayer very fast & incorrectly. Someone recorded the video & uploaded on Facebook with the title “Curse him & share”. 

Is this what Allah told Muslims to do? Instead of correcting him & trying to help him, they mocked & cursed him. Did Allah allow any human being to do so? We can clearly see from above Quranic verses that this is not the way of Islam. Muslims have to understand this, that, there is a difference between Allah judging humans & humans judging humans.

Humans can judge others based on their actions but not their hearts. For example, if someone is alcoholic, it is a Muslim’s duty to correct him & tell him that this wrong, but, he cannot say, ‘you drink, you will go to hell’. As Muslims, our duty is to correct people & call them towards the way of Allah, in the best possible manner, that is all. We have no right to curse or abuse anyone or to tell people that you will burn in Hell. This is what only Allah decides, because Allah knows what’s inside the hearts & we humans don’t.

Islam does not teach us to be quiet when there is Injustice and Falsehood. It is every Muslim’s religious obligation to forbid evil & call towards good. But it does not mean that Muslims are allowed to be rude or harsh, when it comes to conveying the message of Islam.

Allah says: “And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allaah (i.e. this Qur’aan), and be not divided among yourselves.” (Qur’an 3:103)

“O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah as just witnesses; and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just, that is nearer to Taqwa (piety).”(Qur’an 5:8)

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This is the message of Islam “Unity”, “Justice” & “Tolerance”. But sadly, today Muslims are the most intolerant & unjust people. They show zero tolerance. If anyone goes against their views, they start cursing & abusing them. This is the reason today Muslims are suffering all over the world. Muslims need to come back to the true message of Islam & unite.

If you are a supporter of one leader or scholar, don’t call the supporters of others, ‘dogs’, don’t curse them. Because the problem is not the person who is not supporting your favorite person, but you, the one who is cursing & abusing other Muslims & non Muslims.

Today, because of the rude & harsh attitude of Muslims, so many non Muslims hate Islam & they hate Muslims, because the first thing that Muslims tell them is “you are going to hell”. This is very sad, Muslims have left the book of Allah & they justify their wrongdoings by cherry picking verses from the Qur’an. They misuse Qur’an.

I invite you all,  to study the Qur’an & Narrations of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) & then judge. This is a request, that please do not judge Islam by looking at Muslims. The basic message of Islam is to believe in only One Creator, & this is not only for Muslims, we all human beings are equal in the sight of Allah & even the Muslims who will disobey Allah, will be punished. No Muslim has a free pass to Paradise. There is no blind following in Islam & it is everyone’s (Muslims & Non Muslims) duty to study it.
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Be Just Before You Are Generous.

“O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah as just witnesses; and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just, that is nearer to Taqwa (piety).”(Qur’an 5:8)

“Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion nor drove you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity.” (Qur’an 60:8)

So, Islam teaches us that we need to be fair in everything with everyone, friend or enemy & Allah is saying in this verse, even if you have problem with some people, you have hatred with them, like people of Quraish, who have oppressed you for so long, deprived you of your freedoms, you still need to be just with them & that is tolerance.

All of us are different & differences are there to remain. This is a fact that we have to face, so we should not try to eliminate differences but we should try to deal with them. Differences existed among the companions of the Prophet peace be upon Him, even among the angels.

The Sahaba,(companions of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon Him) they had a rainbow of opinions, the two advisers of Messenger of Allah which were Abu bakr & Umar, almost on every issue they had difference of opinion of night & day. That was because, as human beings we develop our perceptions on life based on our knowledge & experience, that is how we view the world. Every body has a certain outcome to events, that is why we will have a unique way in viewing events.

Abu Bakr’s way of conceiving things was very compassionate, he was very lenient, while Umar ibn Khattab was very strict. Even the Prophets of Allah had different opinions, different ways in viewing events & we will have that too. We shouldn’t be very upset about it.

How To Deal With Differences.

The key to the solution is in our hearts. One day, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was seated in a gathering with the companions when He looked towards the entrance & said, “A man of Paradise is coming.” At that instance someone who seemed to be very ordinary entered the mosque.The next day the Prophet repeated the same words & the same man came in, The third day the Prophet repeated the same again & the same man showed up. One companion was curious as to why the Prophet had said such a thing about this man, so he followed the man to his house & got permission to stay in his house as a guest. The companion stayed three nights with him but never saw him praying at night, and whenever he went to bed, he would remember Allah and rest until he woke up for morning prayer. When three nights had passed and he did not see anything special about his actions, he asked him, “O servant of Allah, I heard the Messenger of Allah say three times that a man from the people of Paradise was coming to us, and then you came. So I thought I should stay with you and see what you are doing that I should follow, but I did not see you do anything special. What is the reason that the Messenger of Allah spoke highly of you?” The man said, “It is as you have seen, except that I do not find fraud in my soul towards the Muslims, and I do not envy anyone because of the good that Allah has given them.”

Many of the times we magnify problems of others just like it is mentioned that Jesus said: “You are able to see a hair in the eye of your brother but you fail to see a log in your eye.”

The problems of others are magnified & we think we are giving advice & doing a good deed when we have greater problems. The issue is that we are not concerned with ourselves. We forget that Allah said, “All of you will face Allah on judgement day, alone.”

And some people they are trouble makers, you can’t do anything about them. Like Al Hatiya, he is a famous poet. He was a very evil person, he tried to make trouble with anybody. One day he decided that he wanted to go & curse someone, so he went out of his house to do some evil acts. He didn’t find anybody to pick up a fight with. So he went & looked in the mirror & said, “Allah has given you such an ugly face, may Allah make it even uglier.”

The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said: “There are some people, who are keys of good & locks for evil, & there are some people who are locks for good & keys for evil.”

We should carry the keys of good with us all the time, have effective righteousness, because it all comes out from our hearts. If the heart is clean then we will be much more tolerable with others.

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~ Anwar Al Awlaki

Today, almost all the Muslims say, we want Sharia (the Islamic Law). But, when we look at it, we find that what people are looking for isn’t really Sharia. Meaning, if you ask them, “What is your definition of sharia, why are you asking for sharia?” They say: “Because, we want them to cut the hands of the ones who steals, & to kill the killer & to stone the adulterer“. And then they would say, “this certain country or that place is applying Sharia, because they would cut the hands of the one who would steal & they would kill the killer“. Same is with the non Muslims, the minute they hear the world Sharia, they say, ‘oh they cut hands, oppress women & stone the adulterer’. And this is because of the media telling us day & night that Muslims did this & that, under Sharia Law. And as Hitler said: “Repeat a lie & eventually they will believe it.”

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But, Is That Sharia? Is That All What Sharia Is About?

The answer is No! This is not Sharia, this is only part of a section of the Islamic law. Which is the criminal chord, the criminal law, that’s it!!! In fact, There is no country on earth today which implements the Shari’ah completely, rather they implement man made systems which do not derive from Islam. The systems they rule by are oppressive and unjust, and often permit what Allah (God) has prohibited such as interest, alcohol, prostitution etc.”

Do we think that, Allah has sent all of the Prophets & all of the religions just to cut the hands of the ones who steals & to stone the adulterer & to kill the killer? And then, also, what segment of the society do these people make? The thieves & the killers & the rapists & the adulterers, what proportion do they make? We all are well aware that it’s a minority of the society. So, do you think that, all what Islam does is, deal with these people & the rest of us, we don’t have any law to apply to us? Is that the Islamic law, is that the Sharia? No, That’s not Sharia, it’s only a small part of Sharia.

What Actually Do We Mean, When We Say, We Want Sharia?

The Islamic sharia that we are searching for is based on one important pillar & that is “Justice”. Justice For Everyone. If you are going to court, you will get a fair trial, the judge will treat you justly (even if you are not a Muslim), preserving the rights of others. Justice is an important pillar & then the Sharia is to apply the religion of Allah completely.

Let’s look at the Caliphs of Islam, which are our standard that we look at.

Abu Bakr – The First Caliph – During all the time of Abu Bakr, we don’t know any history, that he has stoned any adulterer. Does that mean that Abu bakr was not applying Sharia? No, it means that this case never showed up in his time. Abu Bakr was busy in applying Sharia, day & night. He was establishing Islam by fighting the oppressors & wrongdoers & establishing a strong Islamic government. He was dealing with this project & was applying the Sharia.

Umar Ibn Khattab – The Second Caliph – In the time of Umar Ibn Khattab, he came & found stability that was left behind from Abu Bakr. The Islamic Khilafah was already stable. He did not have to do anything as it was stabilized by Abu Bakr. Now Umar had to establish the institutions. So he made a treasury, to take care of the salaries of the government employees & the army. And then he established new ways & laws to divide the land among Muslims. And then he started paving the roads & making these infrastructure services for the people. And then he worked on some other projects which were dealing with very important role of Khilafah & that is the issue of Jihad. And he is the one who took care of the Jihad with the oppressive Persian Empire. So, by the time of the third caliph, Uthman Ibn Affan, Islam was spreading all over central Asia.

Uthman Ibn Affan – The Third Caliph – His sharia was that he worked on a very important project & that is, the preservation of Qur’an. And he also worked on spreading towards the East & continuing with the victories towards the North.

Ali Ibn Abi Talib – The Fourth Caliph – At the time of Ali, he had to deal with internal conflicts, which were in the Muslim Ummah. So, Ali devoted his time of caliphate which was four years, to solve this internal conflict that was caused by the assassination of Uthman Ibn Affan. Ali had to deal with that problem for four years.

Muawiyah Ibn Abu Sufyan – And then in the time of Muawiyah, he came to deal with other problems. He was the first one to establish the Islamic Navy.

All of this is the establishment of Sharia. We need to work on these projects , which will serve the Muslims & Non Muslims. The people in the time of Umar & the times of these Caliphs, lived with peace & security. They would travel from east to the west fearing no one but Allah. They would do their business & they would not worry, they would leave their stores open, & go for prayer. Even the Jews would run away from Christian land & go & seek refuge with the Muslims. They ran away from oppressive Europe, from the oppression of Romans & they sought refuge in Spain. And once Spain fell in capital hands, they left Spain & went to Istanbul to be under the watchful eye of the caliph of Banu Uthman. They chose to be right left to the caliph.

This is the establishment of Sharia & this is what we are looking for, it is not an issue of just establishing this one issue of Sharia, which is important obviously – the criminal law – because you cannot have security unless the criminals are put at check. But, Sharia is larger than that. It encompasses everything that is Islamic. Establishment of the religion of Allah.

A Muslim Leader Cannot Do What He Thinks Is Correct.

A very very important thing for the Muslim Leader Is, “Don’t Follow Your Desires”. Our problem now with the Islamic work is that we always deal with others based on our desires. For example, If I have a certain problem with you, I continue with that problem & I try to justify it from an Islamic point of view. But this is not Islam that is instigating my dealing with you, it is my hatred towards you & then I am misusing Islam to fulfill it. This is not acceptable in Islam! We “have to” instigate our actions based on Islam & then we push our desires to follow the direction of the Sharia. Wherever Islam goes, that is where we put our desires. And this is Jihad (struggle) of the Nafs (self). You don’t do things according to what you want, you do things according to what Allah wants. You do it Allah’s way, not your way. This is no doubt a very difficult discipline  but a very important Jihad. The Jihad of your soul, to fight these internal conflicts that are going on in your heart, in order follow the law of Allah & to follow what Allah wants from you even if it against your own self & this is the meaning of the word Islam,“Submitting Your Will To Allah Only“.

~ Anwar Al Awlaki. 

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